Dry Eye: The Silenced Condition Among Eurasian Dogs

Dog owner question

"Hi! My Eurasian dog Maxim, who is now 7 years old, is blinking more and more and his eyes are slightly red and swollen. I noticed that he has been tearing up more than usual the last few days. What could be causing this problem?"

Veterinary answer

"Hi! Thank you for raising this question.

Based on the symptoms Maxim is showing, it appears that he is suffering from dry eye (keratoconjunctivitis sicca or KCS).

Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS)

This is a condition that occurs when there is insufficient tear production in the eye, which can cause dryness, inflammation and pain in the eye.

Eurasian dogs are prone to KCS, although it is not as well known as some other diseases.

Signs of KCS include redness of the eye, swelling, excessive blinking, increased tearing, yellow or greenish ocular discharge, and collapse of the eyelids.

KCS is diagnosed by a tear production test (Schirmer Tear Test), which measures the amount of tear production in the eye. If Maxim's tear production is found to be low, the veterinarian can make a diagnosis of KCS.

Fortunately, keratoconjunctivitis sicca is treatable!

The most common form of treatment is the use of artificial tears and anti-inflammatory eye drops to help replace the missing tears and reduce eye inflammation. In some cases, the vet may prescribe a medication to stimulate the eye's own tear production.

In addition, Maxim's eyes should be checked regularly to ensure that the treatment is effective and modified if necessary. If necessary, eye drops should be used for the rest of his life.

>>  Behavioural challenges of the Scottish Sheepdog (Collie): how to deal with typical separation problems

I recommend that you take Maxim to your veterinarian as soon as possible so that they can begin the diagnostic process and treatment if necessary. Early diagnosis and treatment will increase the chances of a successful outcome and help keep Max's eyes healthy!

Remember, CMD is a chronic condition that requires lifelong treatment, but with proper care, Maxim will live a full and happy life."